Kohle ohne Kohle

Nahe am Nordpol versucht die norwegische Inselgruppe Spitzbergen den Turnaround vom Bergbaugebiet zum Touristenziel.

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An old locomotive train that was used for transporting coal is preserved as a monument at Ny-Alesund, in Svalbard, Norway, October 13, 2015. A Norwegian chain of islands just 1,200 km (750 miles) from the North Pole is trying to promote new technologies, tourism and scientific research in a shift from high-polluting coal mining that has been a backbone of the remote economy for decades. Norway suspended most coal mining on the Svalbard archipelago last year because of the high costs, and is looking for alternative jobs for about 2,200 inhabitants on islands where polar bears roam. Part of the answer may be to boost science: in Ny-Alesund, the world's most northerly permanent non-military settlement, scientists from 11 nations including Norway, Germany, France, Britain, India and South Korea study issues such as climate change. The presence of Norway, a NATO member, also gives the alliance a strategic foothold in the far north, of increasing importance after neighbouring Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea region in 2014. REUTERS/Anna Filipova
PICTURE 12 OF 19 - SEARCH "SVALBARD FILIPOVA" FOR ALL IMAGES

Es fährt ein Zug nach Nirgendwo: Ein alter Kohlezug wartet in Ny-Ålesund auf Touristen (13. Oktober 2015). Alle Fotos: Anna Filipova/Reuters

Nach dem Niedergang der Bergbauindustrie setzt die norwegische Inselgruppe Spitzbergen im Arktischen Ozean auf Kälte, Schnee und totale Finsternis und versucht sich als neues Touristenziel 1200 Kilometer vom Nordpol zu etablieren.

Dogs, some that are family pets and others that are used for dog sledges, are seen waiting in their yard outside the settlement in Longyerbyean, Svalbard, Norway, October 22, 2015. A Norwegian chain of islands just 1,200 km (750 miles) from the North Pole is trying to promote new technologies, tourism and scientific research in a shift from high-polluting coal mining that has been a backbone of the remote economy for decades. Norway suspended most coal mining on the Svalbard archipelago last year because of the high costs, and is looking for alternative jobs for about 2,200 inhabitants on islands where polar bears roam. Part of the answer may be to boost science: in Ny-Alesund, the world's most northerly permanent non-military settlement, scientists from 11 nations including Norway, Germany, France, Britain, India and South Korea study issues such as climate change. The presence of Norway, a NATO member, also gives the alliance a strategic foothold in the far north, of increasing importance after neighbouring Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea region in 2014. REUTERS/Anna FilipovaPICTURE 11 OF 19 - SEARCH "SVALBARD FILIPOVA" FOR ALL IMAGES


Bereit für Kundschaft: Schlittenhunde warten in Longyearbyen auf ihren Einsatz für Schlittenfahrten (22. Oktober 2015).

In Longyearbyen dauert die Polarnacht vom 26. Oktober bis zum 16. Februar. In dieser Zeit steigt die Sonne nie vollständig über den Horizont und die Nacht wechselt sich lediglich mit der Dämmerung ab. Für Touristen bietet Spitzbergen in der dunklen Jahreshälfte Hundeschlittenfahrten im Dämmerlicht, Besuche von Eisgrotten und endlose Langlaufloipen. Jedoch sollte man zur Abwehr von Eisbären immer ein Gewehr auf sich tragen.

Dawn at the scientific base of Ny-Alesund, Svalbard, Norway October 14, 2015. A Norwegian chain of islands just 1,200 km (750 miles) from the North Pole is trying to promote new technologies, tourism and scientific research in a shift from high-polluting coal mining that has been a backbone of the remote economy for decades. Norway suspended most coal mining on the Svalbard archipelago last year because of the high costs, and is looking for alternative jobs for about 2,200 inhabitants on islands where polar bears roam. Part of the answer may be to boost science: in Ny-Alesund, the world's most northerly permanent non-military settlement, scientists from 11 nations including Norway, Germany, France, Britain, India and South Korea study issues such as climate change. The presence of Norway, a NATO member, also gives the alliance a strategic foothold in the far north, of increasing importance after neighbouring Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea region in 2014. REUTERS/Anna FilipovaPICTURE 03 OF 19 - SEARCH "SVALBARD FILIPOVA" FOR ALL IMAGES


Ewige Dämmerung: Die nächsten rund 100 Tage wird es in Ny-Ålesund nie richtig Tag (14. Oktober 2015).

Der Höhepunkt einer Reise in die Dunkelheit ist sicher das Polarlicht – eine Leuchterscheinung durch angeregte Stickstoff- und Sauerstoffatome der Hochatmosphäre, die in Polargebieten beim Auftreffen beschleunigter geladener Teilchen aus der Erdmagnetosphäre auf die Atmosphäre hervorgerufen wird.

Workers housing of Longyerbyean, Svalbard are seen covered in snow October 23, 2015. A Norwegian chain of islands just 1,200 km (750 miles) from the North Pole is trying to promote new technologies, tourism and scientific research in a shift from high-polluting coal mining that has been a backbone of the remote economy for decades. Norway suspended most coal mining on the Svalbard archipelago last year because of the high costs, and is looking for alternative jobs for about 2,200 inhabitants on islands where polar bears roam. Part of the answer may be to boost science: in Ny-Alesund, the world's most northerly permanent non-military settlement, scientists from 11 nations including Norway, Germany, France, Britain, India and South Korea study issues such as climate change. The presence of Norway, a NATO member, also gives the alliance a strategic foothold in the far north, of increasing importance after neighbouring Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea region in 2014. REUTERS/Anna Filipova TPX IMAGES OF THE DAYPICTURE 05 OF 19 - SEARCH "SVALBARD FILIPOVA" FOR ALL IMAGES

Farbenfrohe Dunkelheit: Die Arbeiterhäuschen der einstigen Bergbaugemeinde Longyearbyen heben sich vom monochromen Hintergrund ab (23. Oktober 2015).

Für Arild Olsen, den Bürgermeister der grössten Gemeinde auf Spitzbergen, ist die Exotik der Dunkelheit ein Vermarktungsargument im Tourismus. In der ehemaligen Bergbaugemeinde Longyearbyen leben rund 2200 Einwohner bei einer jährlichen Durchschnittstemperatur von –6.6 Grad.

Radar dish and antennas systems are seen at the European Incoherent Scatter Scientific Association facility on Breinosa, Svalbard, in Norway, October 24, 2015. A Norwegian chain of islands just 1,200 km (750 miles) from the North Pole is trying to promote new technologies, tourism and scientific research in a shift from high-polluting coal mining that has been a backbone of the remote economy for decades. Norway suspended most coal mining on the Svalbard archipelago last year because of the high costs, and is looking for alternative jobs for about 2,200 inhabitants on islands where polar bears roam. Part of the answer may be to boost science: in Ny-Alesund, the world's most northerly permanent non-military settlement, scientists from 11 nations including Norway, Germany, France, Britain, India and South Korea study issues such as climate change. The presence of Norway, a NATO member, also gives the alliance a strategic foothold in the far north, of increasing importance after neighbouring Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea region in 2014. REUTERS/Anna Filipova TPX IMAGES OF THE DAYPICTURE 13 OF 19 - SEARCH "SVALBARD FILIPOVA" FOR ALL IMAGES

Griff nach den Sternen: Spitzbergen setzt neben Tourismus vor allem auf Forschungsprogramme wie dasjenige der Eiscat, welche in Breinosa mit Radaranalgen und Antennen die Atmosphäre erforscht (24. Oktober 2015).

Forschungsstationen sind ein zweiter, boomender Einkommenszweig für die Inseln im Polarkreis. Ny-Ålesund auf Spitzbergen ist die nördlichste, permanent bewohnte Siedlung der Welt und wird derzeit ausgebaut, um eine moderne internationale Arktisforschung und Überwachung der Umwelt zu ermöglichen.

A scupted bust of Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen is seen at the scientific base of Ny Alesund, in Norway, October 18, 2015. A Norwegian chain of islands just 1,200 km (750 miles) from the North Pole is trying to promote new technologies, tourism and scientific research in a shift from high-polluting coal mining that has been a backbone of the remote economy for decades. Norway suspended most coal mining on the Svalbard archipelago last year because of the high costs, and is looking for alternative jobs for about 2,200 inhabitants on islands where polar bears roam. Part of the answer may be to boost science: in Ny-Alesund, the world's most northerly permanent non-military settlement, scientists from 11 nations including Norway, Germany, France, Britain, India and South Korea study issues such as climate change. The presence of Norway, a NATO member, also gives the alliance a strategic foothold in the far north, of increasing importance after neighbouring Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea region in 2014. REUTERS/Anna FilipovaPICTURE 09 OF 19 - SEARCH "SVALBARD FILIPOVA" FOR ALL IMAGES


Leben in der Kälte: Zu den touristischen Höhepunkten von Ny-Ålesund gehört eine Statue des norwegischen Polarforschers Roald Amundsen (18. Oktober 2015).

Die meisten der einst ergiebigen Kohleminen auf Spitzbergen sind heute ausgebeutet oder wegen mangelnder Rentabilität geschlossen. Doch noch immer ist der Bergbau nebst dem Tourismus und der Forschung einer der drei wichtigsten Wirtschaftszweige.

An old locomotive train that was used for transporting coal is preserved as a monument at Ny-Alesund, in Svalbard, Norway, October 11, 2015. A Norwegian chain of islands just 1,200 km (750 miles) from the North Pole is trying to promote new technologies, tourism and scientific research in a shift from high-polluting coal mining that has been a backbone of the remote economy for decades. Norway suspended most coal mining on the Svalbard archipelago last year because of the high costs, and is looking for alternative jobs for about 2,200 inhabitants on islands where polar bears roam. Part of the answer may be to boost science: in Ny-Alesund, the world's most northerly permanent non-military settlement, scientists from 11 nations including Norway, Germany, France, Britain, India and South Korea study issues such as climate change. The presence of Norway, a NATO member, also gives the alliance a strategic foothold in the far north, of increasing importance after neighbouring Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea region in 2014. REUTERS/Anna Filipova
PICTURE 14 OF 19 - SEARCH "SVALBARD FILIPOVA" FOR ALL IMAGES

Warten auf Jim Knopf: Nach dem Ende des Bergbaus wurden die Züge von Ny-Ålesund abtransportiert. Nur ein Zug wurde vergessen, 1980 restauriert und dient jetzt als Museumsbahn (11. Oktober 2015).

Ny-Ålesund wurde 1916 von einer privaten Steinkohlegesellschaft gegründet. Nach einem Grubenunglück im Jahr 1962 mit 21 Todesopfern wurde der Steinkohlebergbau eingestellt und der Ort, an dem unterdessen rund 200 Personen lebten, sollte aufgegeben werden. Die norwegische Regierung beschloss jedoch, die Gebäude für eine Polarforschungsstation zu nutzen. Seither entwickelte sich Ny-Ålesund zu einem internationalen Forschungszentrum.

Breinosa is seen from the research Zeppelin Observatory that is operated by operated by the Norwegian Polar Institute and Norwegian Institute for Air Research in Svalbard in Norway October 17, 2015. A Norwegian chain of islands just 1,200 km (750 miles) from the North Pole is trying to promote new technologies, tourism and scientific research in a shift from high-polluting coal mining that has been a backbone of the remote economy for decades. Norway suspended most coal mining on the Svalbard archipelago last year because of the high costs, and is looking for alternative jobs for about 2,200 inhabitants on islands where polar bears roam. Part of the answer may be to boost science: in Ny-Alesund, the world's most northerly permanent non-military settlement, scientists from 11 nations including Norway, Germany, France, Britain, India and South Korea study issues such as climate change. The presence of Norway, a NATO member, also gives the alliance a strategic foothold in the far north, of increasing importance after neighbouring Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea region in 2014. REUTERS/Anna Filipova TPX IMAGES OF THE DAYPICTURE 01 OF 19 - SEARCH "SVALBARD FILIPOVA" FOR ALL IMAGES

Konzentration auf die Forschung: In Breinosa haben die internationalen Wissenschaftler wenig Ablenkung und können sich ganz auf ihre Forschungsgebiete konzentrieren (17. Oktober 2015).

Die Forschung ist ein wichtiger Wirtschaftszweig für Spitzbergen geworden. So wurde 2008 der weltweite Saatgut-Tresor, ein Projekt zur langfristigen Einlagerung von Saatgut zum Schutz der Arten- und Varietäten-Diversität von Nutzpflanzen, im Platåberget in der Nähe der Stadt Longyearbyen eröffnet.

Snow is seen on the Ny-Alesund research centre, that was formerly a coal mining town October 19, 2015. A Norwegian chain of islands just 1,200 km (750 miles) from the North Pole is trying to promote new technologies, tourism and scientific research in a shift from high-polluting coal mining that has been a backbone of the remote economy for decades. Norway suspended most coal mining on the Svalbard archipelago last year because of the high costs, and is looking for alternative jobs for about 2,200 inhabitants on islands where polar bears roam. Part of the answer may be to boost science: in Ny-Alesund, the world's most northerly permanent non-military settlement, scientists from 11 nations including Norway, Germany, France, Britain, India and South Korea study issues such as climate change. The presence of Norway, a NATO member, also gives the alliance a strategic foothold in the far north, of increasing importance after neighbouring Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea region in 2014. REUTERS/Anna FilipovaPICTURE 08 OF 19 - SEARCH "SVALBARD FILIPOVA" FOR ALL IMAGES


Schnee statt Kohle: Die Klima- und Polarforschung sowie der Tourismus haben den Bergbau in Ny-Ålesund längst abgelöst (19. Oktober 2015).

Forschung ist definitiv eine Lösung bei der Überwindung der Abhängigkeit vom Bergbau. Aber auch Tourismus ist eine Antwort. Gemäss Arild Olsen, Bürgermeister von Longyearbyen, haben letztes Jahr 60’000 Touristen Spitzbergen besucht und die Übernachtungszahlen in den Hotels steigen markant an.

Snow is seen on the research centre, formerly a coal mining town, in Ny-Alesund, Svalbard, Norway October 13, 2015. A Norwegian chain of islands just 1,200 km (750 miles) from the North Pole is trying to promote new technologies, tourism and scientific research in a shift from high-polluting coal mining that has been a backbone of the remote economy for decades. Norway suspended most coal mining on the Svalbard archipelago last year because of the high costs, and is looking for alternative jobs for about 2,200 inhabitants on islands where polar bears roam. Part of the answer may be to boost science: in Ny-Alesund, the world's most northerly permanent non-military settlement, scientists from 11 nations including Norway, Germany, France, Britain, India and South Korea study issues such as climate change. The presence of Norway, a NATO member, also gives the alliance a strategic foothold in the far north, of increasing importance after neighbouring Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea region in 2014. REUTERS/Anna FilipovaPICTURE 04 OF 19 - SEARCH "SVALBARD FILIPOVA" FOR ALL IMAGES



Denkmalgeschützte Forschung: Sämtliche Überreste menschlicher Zivilisation aus der Zeit vor 1945 sind auf der ganzen Inselgruppe denkmalgeschützt – so auch die heutigen Gebäude der Forschungseinrichtungen in Ny-Ålesund (13. Oktober, 2015).

Radar antennas at the European Incoherent Scatter Scientific Association (EISCAT) facility on Breinosa, Svalbard, Norway October 24, 2015. A Norwegian chain of islands just 1,200 km (750 miles) from the North Pole is trying to promote new technologies, tourism and scientific research in a shift from high-polluting coal mining that has been a backbone of the remote economy for decades. Norway suspended most coal mining on the Svalbard archipelago last year because of the high costs, and is looking for alternative jobs for about 2,200 inhabitants on islands where polar bears roam. Part of the answer may be to boost science: in Ny-Alesund, the world's most northerly permanent non-military settlement, scientists from 11 nations including Norway, Germany, France, Britain, India and South Korea study issues such as climate change. The presence of Norway, a NATO member, also gives the alliance a strategic foothold in the far north, of increasing importance after neighbouring Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea region in 2014. REUTERS/Anna FilipovaPICTURE 02 OF 19 - SEARCH "SVALBARD FILIPOVA" FOR ALL IMAGES


Ungestörte Forschung: In Breinosa stehen die Antennen der Europäischen Vereinigung für Forschung mit inkohärentem Streuradar Eiscat (24. Oktober 2015).

The old radio station for the mining town which is now a telegraph museum in Ny-Alesund Svalbard, Norway, October 13, 2015. A Norwegian chain of islands just 1,200 km (750 miles) from the North Pole is trying to promote new technologies, tourism and scientific research in a shift from high-polluting coal mining that has been a backbone of the remote economy for decades. Norway suspended most coal mining on the Svalbard archipelago last year because of the high costs, and is looking for alternative jobs for about 2,200 inhabitants on islands where polar bears roam. Part of the answer may be to boost science: in Ny-Alesund, the world's most northerly permanent non-military settlement, scientists from 11 nations including Norway, Germany, France, Britain, India and South Korea study issues such as climate change. The presence of Norway, a NATO member, also gives the alliance a strategic foothold in the far north, of increasing importance after neighbouring Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea region in 2014. REUTERS/Anna FilipovaPICTURE 06 OF 19 - SEARCH "SVALBARD FILIPOVA" FOR ALL IMAGES



Anbindung ans Festland: Die alte Funkstation der Bergbaugemeinde Ny-Ålesund ist heute ein Telegrafenmuseum (13. Oktober 2015).

A weather station is seen in Ny Alesund, one of the most northerly settlements in the world, a base for international scientists, Svalbard October 17, 2015. A Norwegian chain of islands just 1,200 km (750 miles) from the North Pole is trying to promote new technologies, tourism and scientific research in a shift from high-polluting coal mining that has been a backbone of the remote economy for decades. Norway suspended most coal mining on the Svalbard archipelago last year because of the high costs, and is looking for alternative jobs for about 2,200 inhabitants on islands where polar bears roam. Part of the answer may be to boost science: in Ny-Alesund, the world's most northerly permanent non-military settlement, scientists from 11 nations including Norway, Germany, France, Britain, India and South Korea study issues such as climate change. The presence of Norway, a NATO member, also gives the alliance a strategic foothold in the far north, of increasing importance after neighbouring Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea region in 2014. REUTERS/Anna FilipovaPICTURE 07 OF 19 - SEARCH "SVALBARD FILIPOVA" FOR ALL IMAGES


Reden über das Wetter: Die Wetterstation aus Ny-Ålesund liefert Daten für die Wetterforschung (17. Oktober 2015).

The northernmost non-military post office in the world in the Kings Bay research station in Ny-Alesund, Svalbard, Norway, October 18, 2015. A Norwegian chain of islands just 1,200 km (750 miles) from the North Pole is trying to promote new technologies, tourism and scientific research in a shift from high-polluting coal mining that has been a backbone of the remote economy for decades. Norway suspended most coal mining on the Svalbard archipelago last year because of the high costs, and is looking for alternative jobs for about 2,200 inhabitants on islands where polar bears roam. Part of the answer may be to boost science: in Ny-Alesund, the world's most northerly permanent non-military settlement, scientists from 11 nations including Norway, Germany, France, Britain, India and South Korea study issues such as climate change. The presence of Norway, a NATO member, also gives the alliance a strategic foothold in the far north, of increasing importance after neighbouring Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea region in 2014. REUTERS/Anna FilipovaPICTURE 10 OF 19 - SEARCH "SVALBARD FILIPOVA" FOR ALL IMAGES



Keine A-Post: Ny-Ålesund besitzt das nördlichste Postamt der Welt (18. Oktober 2015).

Warehouses and the old part of the Ny-Alesund, Norway settlement from the coal mining period which closed in 1963, are seen October 11, 2015. A Norwegian chain of islands just 1,200 km (750 miles) from the North Pole is trying to promote new technologies, tourism and scientific research in a shift from high-polluting coal mining that has been a backbone of the remote economy for decades. Norway suspended most coal mining on the Svalbard archipelago last year because of the high costs, and is looking for alternative jobs for about 2,200 inhabitants on islands where polar bears roam. Part of the answer may be to boost science: in Ny-Alesund, the world's most northerly permanent non-military settlement, scientists from 11 nations including Norway, Germany, France, Britain, India and South Korea study issues such as climate change. The presence of Norway, a NATO member, also gives the alliance a strategic foothold in the far north, of increasing importance after neighbouring Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea region in 2014. REUTERS/Anna FilipovaPICTURE 15 OF 19 - SEARCH "SVALBARD FILIPOVA" FOR ALL IMAGES


Neu und Alt: Die Anlagen der Bergbaufirmen in Ny-Ålesund sind seit 1963 ausser Betrieb, die Forschungsanstalten mit ihren Antennen halten den Ort jedoch am Leben (11. Oktober 2015).

Dinghies and research vessels are pictured in the small harbour near Ny-Alesund on Spitsbergen, Norway October 15, 2015. A Norwegian chain of islands just 1,200 km (750 miles) from the North Pole is trying to promote new technologies, tourism and scientific research in a shift from high-polluting coal mining that has been a backbone of the remote economy for decades. Norway suspended most coal mining on the Svalbard archipelago last year because of the high costs, and is looking for alternative jobs for about 2,200 inhabitants on islands where polar bears roam. Part of the answer may be to boost science: in Ny-Alesund, the world's most northerly permanent non-military settlement, scientists from 11 nations including Norway, Germany, France, Britain, India and South Korea study issues such as climate change. The presence of Norway, a NATO member, also gives the alliance a strategic foothold in the far north, of increasing importance after neighbouring Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea region in 2014. REUTERS/Anna FilipovaPICTURE 16 OF 19 - SEARCH "SVALBARD FILIPOVA" FOR ALL IMAGES


Strandpromenade: Der Hafen von Ny-Ålesund ist mit südlichen Touristenzielen nicht wirklich zu vergleichen (15. Oktober 2015).

An overview of the residential and research settlement areas for scientists at the Kings Bay in Ny-Alesund, Svalbard, Norway, October 15, 2015. A Norwegian chain of islands just 1,200 km (750 miles) from the North Pole is trying to promote new technologies, tourism and scientific research in a shift from high-polluting coal mining that has been a backbone of the remote economy for decades. Norway suspended most coal mining on the Svalbard archipelago last year because of the high costs, and is looking for alternative jobs for about 2,200 inhabitants on islands where polar bears roam. Part of the answer may be to boost science: in Ny-Alesund, the world's most northerly permanent non-military settlement, scientists from 11 nations including Norway, Germany, France, Britain, India and South Korea study issues such as climate change. The presence of Norway, a NATO member, also gives the alliance a strategic foothold in the far north, of increasing importance after neighbouring Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea region in 2014. REUTERS/Anna FilipovaPICTURE 17 OF 19 - SEARCH "SVALBARD FILIPOVA" FOR ALL IMAGES



Kalte Liebe: Die durchschnittliche Temperatur in Ny-Ålesund beträgt im Februar –14,2 Grad und im Juli immerhin +4,9 Grad (15. Oktober 2015).

Snow covers Broggerdalen mountain near Ny-Alesund, Svalbard, Norway October 11, 2015. A Norwegian chain of islands just 1,200 km (750 miles) from the North Pole is trying to promote new technologies, tourism and scientific research in a shift from high-polluting coal mining that has been a backbone of the remote economy for decades. Norway suspended most coal mining on the Svalbard archipelago last year because of the high costs, and is looking for alternative jobs for about 2,200 inhabitants on islands where polar bears roam. Part of the answer may be to boost science: in Ny-Alesund, the world's most northerly permanent non-military settlement, scientists from 11 nations including Norway, Germany, France, Britain, India and South Korea study issues such as climate change. The presence of Norway, a NATO member, also gives the alliance a strategic foothold in the far north, of increasing importance after neighbouring Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea region in 2014. REUTERS/Anna FilipovaPICTURE 18 OF 19 - SEARCH "SVALBARD FILIPOVA" FOR ALL IMAGES


Spektakuläre Natur: Schnee und Eis bedecken die Brøggerdalen Berggipfel bei Ny-Ålesund (11. Oktober 2015.

Low clouds are seen in the Kings Bay of Ny-Alesund, Svalbard, Norway, October 12, 2015. A Norwegian chain of islands just 1,200 km (750 miles) from the North Pole is trying to promote new technologies, tourism and scientific research in a shift from high-polluting coal mining that has been a backbone of the remote economy for decades. Norway suspended most coal mining on the Svalbard archipelago last year because of the high costs, and is looking for alternative jobs for about 2,200 inhabitants on islands where polar bears roam. Part of the answer may be to boost science: in Ny-Alesund, the world's most northerly permanent non-military settlement, scientists from 11 nations including Norway, Germany, France, Britain, India and South Korea study issues such as climate change. The presence of Norway, a NATO member, also gives the alliance a strategic foothold in the far north, of increasing importance after neighbouring Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea region in 2014. REUTERS/Anna FilipovaPICTURE 19 OF 19 - SEARCH "SVALBARD FILIPOVA" FOR ALL IMAGES


Traumreise oder Alptraum: Nebel hängt über der Kings Bay bei Ny-Ålesund (12. Oktober 2015).

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Anna Filipova lebt in Paris und arbeitet für Reuters:

“Reporting on environmental stories allows me to inform and influence people.”